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Showing posts from February, 2017

सर्दियों किस प्रकार का भोजन हमें करना चाहिए, जो हमारी सेहत के ठीक रखें?

शीतकालीन ऋतू में हमे ऐसे खाद्य पदार्थ खाने चाहिए जो ठंड के दिनों में खाने में गर्माहट और आराम तो देते ही हों, लेकिन शरीर को आवश्यक पोषण भी प्रदान करते हों। सर्दियों में अदरक, तिल, घी, अलग अलग प्रकार के साग, मेवे, केसर, शहद, गुड़, खजूर, खस-खस, मौसमी फल सब्ज़ियां, लहसुन, अनेक प्रकार के दालें, दुग्ध पदार्थ (गर्म ), तुलसी इत्यादि का सेवन करना स्वास्थ के लिए अति लाभकारी होता है। सर्दियों में ऐसे खाद्य पदार्थ जिनकी प्रकृति ठंडी होती है (जैसे आइसक्रीम , कोल्ड ड्रिंक्स, कच्ची सब्ज़ियां इत्यादि ) उनसे बचना चाहिए। सर्दियों में अंडे-मांस के सेवन को भी बेहतरीन मन जाता है। चूँकि मैं स्वयं शाकाहारी हूँ इसीलिए मुझे इन खाद्य पदार्थों के बारे में कुछ खास जानकारी तो नहीं है, पर मैं यकीन से कह सकती हूँ कि शाकाहार में भी अनेकोनेक लाभकारी और पोषक तत्वों से भरपूर ढेर सारे खाद्य पदार्थ हैं जिनका सही तरह से सेवन कर के बेहद स्वस्थ जीवन जिया जा सकता है। उम्मीद करती हूँ आप सभी को यह जवाब पसंद आया होगा। (सर्दियाँ मेरा पसंदीदा मौसम है और मुझे गाजर के हलवे का साल भर इंतज़ार रहता है।)


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Religions Of The World (Important Facts and Figures)

Buddhism  Founder:  Gautam Siddhartha ( Buddha)(563 to 483 BCE) born in Nepal (Lumbini)  Founded in : 5th B Followed in : China, Tibet, Korea, Mongolia, Nepal, Bhutan, Thailand, Japan, Laos, Myanmar (Burma), Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Taiwan, Indonesia, Bhutan and Vietnam Sacred text:  The Tripitaka (collection of Buddha’s teachings) also called Sutras  Sacred places : Lumbini (Nepal), where  Buddha was born , Bodh Gaya (Bihar), where he  received Enlightenment  and Kusinagara (UP), where  he attained ‘Nirvana ’  Place of worship : Vihar ( temple ) and Monastery ( where Monks reside )  Sects : Mahayana and Hinayana  Confucianism Founder : Kung Fu Tzu or Confucius (551 to 479 BCE), born in the State of Lu in China  Founded in : 500 BCE Followed in : China, Taiwan, South Korea, Nauru, and Vietnam  Sacred text : The Lun Yu, The Analects  Sacred place : Peking (Beijing) in China  Place of worship:  No church of temple  Christianity Founder:  Jesus Christ (4 BCE to 29 CE,) born in

Important Trophies and Associated Games (Part-II) For All Competitive Exam

Important Trophies and Associated Games  Presidents Cup:  Football Prince of Wales Cup:  Golf (England) Raiffeisen Grand Prix Title:  Tennis RCA Championship Title:  Tennis Rogers Cup:  Tennis Ryder Cup:  Golf (England) Schneider Cup:  Seaplane Race (England) Swaythling Cup:  World Table Tennis (men) Thailand Open:  Tennis Thomas Cup:  World Badminton (men)    Tunku Abdul Rahman Cup:  Asian Badminton U Thant Cup:  Lawn Tennis Uber Cup:  World Badminton (women) UEFA Cup:  Football US Open: Tennis  (Grand Slam Tennis) Virginia Long Corn Trophy:  Boxing Virginia Slam Championship:  Tennis Walker Cup:  Golf (England) WBA Title:  Boxing WBC crown:  Boxing Westchester Cup:  Polo (England)   Whiteman Cup:  Tennis Wightman Cup:  Tennis (women: USA and England) William Cup:  Basketball William Todd Memorial Trophy:  Basketball Wimbledon Trophy:  Tennis Wimbledon, French Open: Tennis (Grand Slam Tennis) World Cup Championship:  Boxing World Heavyweight Championship: 

Important Trophies and Associated Games (Part-I) For All Competitive Exam

Important Trophies and Associated Games  America’s cup:  Yacht racing Ashes series:  Cricket (Australia-England) Asia Cup:   Cricket  (Asian countries)      ATP Championship:  Tennis Australia Open:  Tennis Azar Cup:  Polo Azlan Shah Cup:  Hockey   Benson and Hedges Trophy:  Cricket Canadian Open:  Tennis Champions Trophy:  Hockey Champions League T-20:  Cricket ICC Champions Trophy:  Cricket Cincinnati Masters:  Tennis   Colombo Cup:  Football (India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Burma now Myanmar) Corbillion Cup:  World Table Tennis (women) Davis Cup:  Tennis Derby:  Horse Racing Dubai Open:  Tennis Euro Cup or European Championship:  Football Evert Cup:  Tennis F.A. Cup:  Football Federation Cup:  Tennis FIFA Cup of World Cup:  Football French Open:  Tennis German Open:  Tennis Grand National:  Horse Racing (Chase Race, England) Hall of Fame Tennis Championship:  Tennis Heineken Open ATP Tour Event:  Tennis Hol Rar Trophy:  Bridge Hopman Cup:  Tennis Indian

Study notes on "VITAMINS" (Part-II) for SSC CGL Pre 2017

VITAMIN A ( Retinol ) SOURCE Dairy products, cod liver oil,liver, dark green and yellow vegetables and fruits FUNCTION Maintains eye health Promotes growth and development, maintains healthy bones and teeth Enhances the protection and regeneration of cells and mucous membrane Maintains healthy respiratory and intestinal tracts Maintain healthy hair, nails and skin SYMPTOMS OF DEFICIENCY Night blindness, dry eyes Dry skin Stomach discomfort Poor growth Weak bones and teeth SYMPTOMS OF EXCESS Dry, scaly, peeling, and itchy skin, rash Hair loss Poor appetite, fatigue Vomiting, stomach discomfort Liver injury Headache, bone pain Nervousness, irritability VITAMIN B VITAMIN   B1 (Thymine) SOURCE sprouts, yeast Desease Beri-beri VITAMIN  B2 (Ryboflabin) SOURCE sprout, present in cow's milk(yellowish) Desease Cheilosis, ulceration VITAMIN  B6 (Pyridoxine) FUNCTION It is responsible for rememeber dreams. SYMPTOMS OF DEFICIENCY Anaemia  Nervousness, insomnia, depress

Study notes on "VITAMINS" (Part-I) SSC CGL Pre 2017

Dear Students, SSC CGL 2017 Pre exam in scheduled in the month of June/July 2017. At SA, We are providing to you the NOTES ON GENERAL SCIENCE, these notes will help you build your basic understanding of all topics and you'll be able to score maximum marks in SSC CGL Pre exam. Study, Revise and Learn all these notes by heart.  VITAMIN K (P hylloquinone ) SOURCE Green leafy vegetables, soya beans. The human body can also produce Vitamin K through germs in the colon(part of small intestine). FUNCTION Helps blood clotting, prevent over bleeding Maintains health of the liver SYMPTOMS OF DEFICIENCY Uncontrol bleeding from wounds due to clotting difficulty SYMPTOMS OF EXCESS Can lead to liver damage VITAMIN E ( Tocopherol )=Beauty Vitamin It is also known as Antisterility Vitamin. SOURCE Green leafy vegetables, whole-wheat cereals, nuts, sprouts, egg   yolk FUNCTION Maintains normal conditions of cells, and healthy skin and tissues Protects red blood cells Antioxidation Enhance immunity S

Important Geometry Formula For SSC CGL Exam 2017

Dear Readers, Here We are providing a Study Notes of Quantitative Aptitude in accordance with the syllabus of SSC CGL. These notes are based on the Important formula of Circle. This will help you to solve more Questions of Geometry in very less time.   

Important government schemes For All Governments Exam

PRADHAN MANTRI AWAS YOJANA (PMAY) Objective- PMAY & PMAY (Gramin) are launched to achieve Housing for All by 2022 Mission Important Points 1.  Construct two crore houses across the nation. 2.  Central grant of Rs. one lakhs per house, on an average, will be available under the slum rehabilitation programme. 3.  Program will be implemented into three phase April 2015 - March 2017, April 2017 - March 2019 and April 2019 - March 2022 NATIONAL PENSION SCHEME Objective  of this scheme is to provide retirement income to all the citizens Important points 1. ELIGIBILITY -All citizens of India between the age of 18 and 60 years can join this plan. 2.  NPS is administered by the PFRDA(Pension Fund Regulatory And Development Authority) 3.  NPS is divided into  tier-I NPS account, Tier-ii NPS account, NPS - Swavalamban scheme Tier I Account -  Under this account, withdrawals are not allowed. It is solely meant for savings after the subscriber’s retirement. Tier II Account -  Unde

Virat Kohli features in latest cover star of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack

Indian skipper  Virat Kohli , who led his side to victory against England in all three formats of the game recently, has featured in the latest cover star of the bible of cricket -  Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. Kohli becomes only the third Asian origin player after Tendulkar and England all-rounder Moeen Ali to be featured on the cover of the magazine . So, let's discuss some questions related to this post: Q1.  Name the Indian Cricketer, who has been featured in the latest cover star of the bible of cricket- Wisden Cricketer's Almanack? Ans1. Virat Kohli

Highlights of Union Budget 2017-18

The 2017 Union Budget,  presented by  Finance Minister Arun Jaitley  on 01st February 2017, was broadly focused on 10 issues farming sector, rural population, youth, poor and health care for the underprivileged, infrastructure, financial sector for stronger institutions, speedy accountability, public services, prudent fiscal management and tax administration for the honest. Following are the highlights of his speech on various issues: Demonetisation 1.   Demonetisation is expected to have a transient impact on the economy. 2. It will have a great impact on the economy and lives of people . 3. Demonetisation is a bold and decisive measure that will lead to higher GDP growth. 4.   The effects of demonetisation will not spillover to the next fiscal. Agriculture sector 1. Sowing farmers should feel secure against natural calamities. 2. A sum of Rs. 10 lakh crore is allocated as credit to farmers, with 60 days interest waiver. 3. NABARD fund will be increased to Rs. 40,000 crore. 

Important Reasearch Organisations and Their Headquarters (Part-II) For Governments Exam

Indian Veterinary Research  Institute ( Izzatnagar – UP ) National  Aerospace  Laboratory ( Bengaluru ) National Biological Laboratory ( Palampur – HP ) National Chemical Laboratory ( Pune – Maharashtra ) National Dairy Research Institute  (Karnal ) National Environment Engineering Research Institute ( Nagpur – Maharashtra ) National Geophysical Research Institute ( Hyderabad – Andhra Pradesh ) National Institute of Oceanography ( Panaji – Goa ) National Metallurgical Laboratory ( Jamshedpur – Jharkhand ) National Physical Laboratory ( New Delhi ) National Botanical Research Institute ( Lucknow ) Industrial Toxicological Research Centre ( Lucknow – UP ) Indian Association for Cultivation of sciences ( Kolkata )\ King Institute of Preventive Medicine ( Chennai ) All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health ( Kolkata ) All India Institute of Medical Sciences ( New Delhi ) All India Malaria Institute ( New Delhi ) Haffkine Institute ( Mumbai ) Institute of Ayurvedic

Important Reasearch Organisations and Their Headquarters (Part-I) For Governments Exam

Name of the Organization (Location) Central Building Research Institute ( Roorkee – Uttarakhand ) Central Drug Research Institute ( Lucknow – UP ) Central Electrochemical Research Institute ( Karaikudi – Tamil Nadu ) Central Electronic Engineering Research Institute ( Pilani – Rajasthan ) Central Food Technological Research Institute ( Mysore – Karnataka ) Central Fuel Research Institute ( Jealgora(Dhanbad) – Jharkhand) Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute ( Jadavpur – West Bengal ) Central Indian Medicinal Plants Organization ( Lucknow – UP ) Central Inland Fisheries Research Station ( Barrackpore – West Bengal ) Central Institute of Fisheries Technology ( Willingdon Island, Kochi – Kerala ) Central Jute Technological Research Institute ( Kolkata – West Bengal ) Central Leather Research Institute ( Chennai ) Central Marine Fisheries Institute (   Kochi – South India ) Central Mining Research Station ( Dhanbad ) Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (

Most Important Abbreviation From Union Budget 2017-18

As you all know that Budget was presented today by our Finance Minister, Arun Jaitley. It is very important for competitive examination and we have filtered all the  Important Abbreviations  from the document. So here we present the most important ones for you all. 1. IMF-  International Monetary Fund  2. FDI-  Foreign Direct Investment  3. CPI-  Consumer Price Index  4. GDP-  Gross Domestic Product  5. FCNR-  Foreign Currency (Non-Resident) Account 6. GST-  Goods and Service Tax 7. TEC India-  Transform, Energise and Clean India 8. PACS-  Primary Agriculture Credit Societies   9. KVKs-  Krishi Vigyan Kendras 10. NAM-  National Agricultural Market  11. APMC-  Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee  12. MGNREGA-  Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Gurantee Act 13. PMGSY-  Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana  14. PMEGP-  Prime Minister's Employment Generation Programme 15. NRDWP-  National Rural Drinking Water Programme 16. PMKK-  Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendras 

Public Finance (Part-II)

PUBLIC FINANCE A. Tax revenue  – It consists of the proceeds of taxes & other duties levied by the government. The various taxes that are imposed by a government can be categorised into two groups. 1.  Direct Taxes 2.  Indirect Taxes 1. Direct taxes  – Direct Taxes are those taxes which are paid by the same person on whom they have been imposed. Tax burden cannot be shifted on to others. Example - Income Tax, wealth tax. 2. Indirect taxes  – Those taxes whose burden (partial or whole) can be shifted. Example - Excise duty. Note - the Basis of classifying taxes into direct tax & Indirect tax is whether the burden of the tax is shiftable to others or not. B. Non-Tax revenue  – It includes receipts from sources other than taxes. The main sources of non-tax revenues are -Interest, Profits & dividends, Fees & fines, Special assessment, Gifts & grants, Escheats Capital receipts-  Capital receipts are defined as any receipt of the government which either create

Public Finance (Part-I) 

PUBLIC FINANCE Meaning of Budget  – Government budget is an annual statement, showing the item-wise estimation of receipts & expenditure during a fiscal year. Elements of Budget  1.  It is a statement that shows estimated receipts & estimated expenditure during a fiscal year. 2.  It shows estimates of government receipts & expenditure during a fixed period generally in a year. 3.  Budget requires the approval by the parliament. Objectives of Government Budget  1.  Reallocation of resources 2 . Redistribution of income & wealth  3.  Economic stability 4.  Management of public Enterprises 5.  Promotion of economic development NOTE- In short, a budget is a powerful weapon in the hands of government through which it can affect the generation, distribution & spending of National Income. Structure of the Budget  – The components of budget can also be categorised according to receipts & expenditures. On this basis two broad components are as follows:- A

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